The Health Council of Canada, in its first monitoring report of the goals outlined in the First Ministers’ Accord (Health Care Renewal in Canada Accelerating Change, 2005), asserted that work is urgently needed to accelerate efforts in this area as it is critical to other health care reforms. They stated “This (HHR) is an urgent priority. Without sufficient providers of care working together, all other efforts will flounder.” The Health Council acknowledged the lack of a national health human resource strategy and called for a collaborative approach to work toward this goal. To achieve this end, a National Health Human Resources Summit was convened in June 2005, resulting in the report “Modernizing the Management of Health Human Resources in Canada: Identifying Areas for Accelerated Change”, which called for a fully integrated approach to health human resources planning based on population health needs. This report further reinforced the need for urgent action to achieve this objective.